Bologoye (Russian: Болого́е) is a town and the administrative center of Bologovsky District of Tver Oblast, Russia, as well as a major railway hub. It is located approximately half-way between Moscow and St. Petersburg on the railway route connecting the two cities. Population: 23,494 (2010 Census); 26,612 (2002 Census); 35,926 (1989 Census).
The first mention of Bologoye in historic records dates back to 1495, which is considered its year of foundation. The name «Bologoye» originates from a name of the nearby Bologoye Lake. In 1851, Bologoye became a station of the Moscow-Saint Petersburg Railway. In the second half of the 19th century, the Rybinsk–Pskov–Vindava railway passed through Bologoye, turning it into a large railway junction. Railway-related industries have contributed significantly to the town’s growth. Bologoye was granted town status in 1926.
On November 27, 2009, it was the site of a derailment of an express train on the Moscow-St. Petersburg railway.