Hurzuf — History


Hurzuf or Gurzuf is a resort-town (urban settlement) in Crimea, on the northern coast of the Black Sea. The correct pronunciation is Gurzuf, while Hurzuf is widely acceptable due to use of the South Russian dialect in the region and the Soviet reforms of Ukrainian language that excluded letter g from the Ukrainian alphabet.

Hurzuf is a former Crimean Tatar village, now a part of Greater Yalta. Alexander Pushkin visited Hurzuf in 1821 and ballet master Marius Petipa died here. The International Children Center Artek (former All-Union Young Pioneer camp Artek) is situated just behind the mount of Ayu-Dag (Bear Mountain). The World Organization of the Scout Movement’s Eurasian Region is headquartered in the town.

Between Hurzuf and Mount Ayu-Dag is Cape Suuksu. At the top of the Cape is a tower, a medieval cemetery, and a small monument to Pushkin.

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