Zheleznovodsk (Russian: Железново́дск) is a town in Stavropol Krai, Russia. Population: 24,433 (2010 Census); 25,135 (2002 Census); 28,460 (1989 Census).
The name of the town literally means iron-water-place, as the mineral waters springing from the earth in Zheleznovodsk were believed to have high content of iron.
Zheleznovodsk is situated in the saddle between Mounts Beshtau and Zheleznaya, in what the locals refer to as aerodynamic tube, which attracts strong winds in the winter.
Zheleznovodsk was the place of signing the Zheleznovodsk Communiqué by Boris Yeltsin, Nursultan Nazarbayev, Ayaz Mutalibov, Levon Ter-Petrosian on September 23, 1991
Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with one urban-type settlement, incorporated as the town of krai significance of Zheleznovodsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the town of krai significance of Zheleznovodsk is incorporated as Zheleznovodsk Urban Okrug.
Zheleznovodsk, along with Pyatigorsk, Yessentuki, Kislovodsk, and Mineralnye Vody, is a part of the Caucasus Mineral Waters, a renowned Russian spa resort. The town economy revolves around sanatoria, where dozens of thousands of people from all over Russia and former Soviet republics come year-around to vacation and rest, as well as prevent and treat numerous stomach, kidney, and liver diseases. In fact, the spa hold the only known monument to the enema
Dozens of spas operate in Russia’s Caucasus Mountains region, exploiting the mineral springs in the area, and apparently colonic treatment is a specialty. In June 2008, the Mashuk-Akva Term spa in Zheleznovodsk unveiled a large monument to the enema (an 800-lb. brass syringe bulb held aloft by three angels). «Let’s beat constipation,» read one banner. Said the sculptor, «This device is eternal; it will never change. We could promote this brand, turn it into a franchise with souvenirs and awards for medical doctors.»