[From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia]
Yelabuga (Russian: Ела́буга; Tatar Cyrillic: Алабуга, Latin: Alabuğa) is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, located on the right bank of the Kama River and 200 kilometers (120 mi) east from Kazan. Population: 70,728 (2010 Census); 68,663 (2002 Census); 53,537 (1989 Census).
The former name of the city was Alabuga. Its history dates back to the 10th century, when a Volga Bulgarian border castle, the so-called Alamir-Sultan castle was built by Bulgarian Khan Ibrahim in 985 CE. The castle was built on the place of the legendary tomb of Alamir-Sultan (Alexander the Great «Macedonian»). The name ‘Alabuga’ originally referred to the tower of the castle, later the whole city was named Alabuga. The castle was later abandoned, and its remains are now known as Şaytan qalası (Shaytan’s castle). In the second half of the 16th century, a Russian village was founded on the same spot.