Silvaplana — History

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Silvaplana (Romansh: About this sound Silvaplauna (help·info)) is a municipality in the district of Maloja in the Swiss canton of Graubünden and the name of a lake in the municipality.

The first sign of a settlement in the borders of the municipality are some roman-era broken pillars in the Julier pass. The village church was first mentioned in 1356. A new, late gothic church was built in 1491. In 1556 the village converted to the Protestant Reformation.[3]

Silvaplana has an area, as of 2006, of 44.7 km2 (17.3 sq mi). Of this area, 19.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 14.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (64.1%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

Silvaplana is located on Lake Silvaplana in the Upper Engadine Valley. It is located in the Oberengadin sub-district of the Maloja. Above the village at 2,284 m (7,493 ft), the Julier Pass connects the Engadine valley to the rest of Graubünden and the Rhine watershed. While the stream Ova dal Vallun which connects Lake Silvaplana and Lake Champfèr runs through the village. It consists of the village of Silvaplana and the hamlets of Surlej and Albana as well as part of the village of Champfèr.

Silvaplana has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 1,012.[1] As of 2008, 27.9% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 11.1%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 49.7% male and 50.3% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Silvaplana is; 79 children or 8.7% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 35 teenagers or 3.8% are 10 to 14, and 38 teenagers or 4.2% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 127 people or 13.9% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 188 people or 20.6% are 30 to 39, 140 people or 15.3% are 40 to 49, and 149 people or 16.3% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 88 people or 9.6% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 49 people or 5.4% are 70 to 79, there are 18 people or 2.0% who are 80 to 89, and there are 2 people or 0.2% who are 90 to 99.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 36% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (35.1%), the SP (17.6%) and the CVP (7.7%).[4]

In Silvaplana about 75.2% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Silvaplana has an unemployment rate of 1.74%. As of 2005, there were 21 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 5 businesses involved in this sector. 95 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 11 businesses in this sector. 492 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 72 businesses in this sector

Добавить комментарий